Treatment of hypertension

Treatment of hypertension

Non-pharmacological treatment is the preferred treatment of hypertension. Quitting smoking, losing weight, regular exercise, and dietary restrictions (e.g. reduced salt/alcohol intake) can all help to reduce blood pressure. If these strategies are not sufficient, drugs will lower the blood pressure. Six groups of drugs can be applied for antihypertensive treatment:

These drugs can be used as monotherapy or in combination. The choice depends on patient-specific data (age, comorbidity, race, renal function, etc.). In general, diuretics and β-blockers are preferred, with ACE inhibitors as alternative.

1

Treatment with antihypertensives should continue for: