Post menopause

Post menopause

At the end of female reproductive life, the ovaries are out of primordial follicles. This means, that oocytes, granulosa cells, and thecal cells are no longer present. After menopause, women have very low estradiol and progesterone levels and thus (by absence of their negative feedback) high gonadotropin levels.


Clinical features of the so-called postmenopausal period are flushes, sweating in the night and dry mucous tissues. Estrogen therapy may alleviate the complaints.

For more information check the menopausal symptoms and postmenopausal osteoporosis in the gynaecology chapter.


I. Menopausal women stop producing estradiol.

II. Androgen levels rise after menopause.