Synthesis of thyroid hormone
Synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormone
Thyroid hormone is produced in the epithelial cells of the thyroid gland. The synthesis of the hormone is a rather complicated process, which involves three major steps:
I. Iodide is required for normal thyroid function. II. Iodide deficiency results in hypothyroidism.
Extra info: Iodide is part of thyroxine: three (T3) and four (T4) iodide atoms per molecule. Thus a shortage of iodide in the diet results in decreased thyroxine production.