Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia that is characterised by a decreased red blood cell count with microcytic appearance. It is the result of hemoglobin synthesis failure/insufficiency due to insufficient dietary iron intake or absorption. Iron deficiency anemia is characterized by pallor, fatigue and weakness. In severe cases, dyspnea can occur.

Three causes for iron deficiency are distinguished:

Iron deficiency anemia for infants in their earlier stages of development may affect neurological development by decreasing learning ability, altering motor functions, and permanently reducing the number of dopamine receptors and serotonin levels. Iron deficiency during development can lead to reduced myelination of the spinal cord, as well as a change in myelin composition. Additionally, iron deficiency anemia has a negative effect on physical growth.